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Human Anatomy and Physiology

Certification Overview

Human Anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body and how the body parts are organized. Anatomy is the study of structure and physiology is the study of functions. Anatomy and Physiology provides students with the terminology and knowledge related to most of the body systems. This course allows students to get a better understanding of the normal structure and function of the human body. Focus will be placed on the hierarchy of structural organization, musculoskeletal, medical terminology cardiovascular, respiratory systems and system relationships.

Human Anatomy and Physiology will develop a skill/knowledge level that includes basic care and social service training.  The scope of responsibilities for a Human Anatomy and Physiology Workers is as follows:

  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of cell structures
  • Describe the characteristics of water and its role in biological systems
  • Describe the role of acids, bases, and buffers in biological systems in the human body
  • Describe the structure and function of biological molecules in living systems, including
    carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
  • Describe the process of DNA replication
  • Describe recombinant DNA
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the process of protein synthesis
  • Explain how mutations in DNA affect protein synthesis
  • Describe the structure and function of the cell membrane
  • Explain why cells divide when they reach a particular surface area-to-volume ratio
  • Describe the roles of enzymes in biochemical reactions
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the digestive system
  • Describe the components, pH, and digestive actions of salivary, gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal juices
  • Describe the inter-relationships of the structures of the heart
  • Describe the relationship between heart rate and blood pressure
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the vessels of the circulatory system
  • Describe the components of blood
  • Describe the inter-relationships of the structures of the lymphatic system
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the respiratory system
  • Describe the processes of breathing
  • Describe internal and external respiration
  • Describe the transmission of nerve impulses
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the divisions of the nervous system
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the urinary system
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the male reproductive system
  • Describe the functional inter-relationships of the structures of the female reproductive system

Graduates may find employment in a variety of care settings including:

  • Long-term care facilities
  • Home care services giving care to clients living in their own homes in the community
  • Supportive housing settings including senior’s apartments and retirement homes
  • Group homes
  • Hospitals
  • Adult day programs
  • Educational facilities
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